In Hinduism, worship is called Puja where it also incorporates the involvement of images or murtis, and prayers which are commonly known as mantras, and of course the diagrams of the universe or the yantras.
The very center of Hindu worship is the image or the icon of their Gods and Goddesses which can be worshipped both at home or in a temple just like what the statue of the elephant-headed god Ganesh who is decorated with flowers, plants, and different kinds of offerings at its shrine.
The Hindu worship can be individual but it can also be communal which primarily acts individually rather than a communal way because it involves also personal offerings to their deities. Worshippers also repeat the names of their favorite gods and goddesses through their repeated mantras or prayers where they also offer water, flowers, and fruits to the gods along with some fragrant incenses.
When the Hindus worship at their respective homes, the majority of them have their own shrines of their favorite gods and goddesses where they display regular and different offerings where they also perform their prayers or mantras. The shrine can be a prayer room, an altar, or simply an image of the statues of the gods and goddesses where family members regularly worship together.
Also, rituals are regularly done in a strict manner and must be spoken to be performed three times a day. There are even Hindus out there who worship or pray by wearing a sacred thread where they wear it over their left shoulder and hang it on their right hip. Usually, this is worn by their priest or Brahmin, while hemp is worn by their Kshatriya or ruler, and wool for their Vaishya or merchants.
Indian women and children usually spend their time climbing the very long steps leading to the temples of their gods and goddesses during festivals where they worship there. A regular Hindu temple has different parts of the building which have different spiritual or symbolic meanings to their religion that must be respected all the time.
The main shrine also serves as the heart of the worshipper where the tower of the temple serves as the flight of the spirit to heaven. The priest or the Brahmin reads or recites the prayers or the Vedas to the worshippers that assembled at the prayer room of the temple. According to the Brahmins, only a twice-born Hindu can perform the reading of prayers and mantras while different religious rites are classified into three categories;
Nitya- This is a ritual that is performed on a daily basis that consists of different offerings which are made at the shrine in a worshipper’s home or to perform prayers or puja to the family deities.
Naimittika- This ritual is very important because it is only done three times in each year as a ritual for celebrations, festivals, as well as Thanksgiving and other important occasions.
Kamya- This kind of ritual is an optional way if there are any special prayers or requests to the family’s deities and gods. This is usually done during a pilgrimage. For more important information about Hinduism’s puja click on this link rudrabhishekam.